The Yoruba people of southwest Nigeria are one of the most interesting and important peoples of Africa and no African group has had greater influence on new world culture. The Yoruba are one of the largest ethnic groups in sub-Saharan Africa and one of the most important owing to the impact their art, culture and religion has had not only on Africa but on the world.
Traditional belief is based on the worship of a supreme deity called Olodumare and various deities known as Orisa’s and Irunmole’s. The system of divination called IFA- Orunmila through the Holy Odu’s (Holy Verses) spread not only throughout Yorubaland of west Africa but to other countries around the world such as Latin America, Caribbean, and America where Yoruba’s were taken to European colonies in slavery.
The complexity of the Yoruba cosmology has led western scholars to compare them to the ancient Greeks and their impressive pantheon.
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